After a decade of unbroken economic growth, at least in the world’s strongest economy, the US, you start to speculate as to whether something has fundamentally changed in the nature of economic cycles. It’s always dangerous to think ‘this time it’s different’ but it is equally dangerous to ignore structural change and constantly live in the past.
In the era post-GFC, policymakers have used a wide range of new monetary tools, all with the explicit or implicit goal of manipulating asset prices and avoiding credit and investment cycles. Prior to this, the economy was prone to a regular series of booms and busts driven by excessive investment and borrowing, which ultimately unwound as markets moved between fear and greed. We have now gone ten years during which we have seen only mild cycles at worst and on the occasions where credit or equity markets have attempted to discount an economic cycle, policymakers have come to the rescue with further rounds of QE type ‘free money’. We might criticise this overt manipulation of asset prices as against the principles of a free market, but it is hard to deny that we have experienced a long and sustained period of growth.
So, maybe it is possible to argue that the policy is working at reducing the impact of credit and investment cycles of economic growth. There have been unintended consequences however, in terms of incentives and capital allocation with the capital investment, and hence, productivity cycles being muted and debt levels in the economy becoming ever more elevated. It is also arguable that the policy has led to perverse incentives such as companies borrowing money to buy back shares, replacing equity with debt, rather than investing for growth, or investors being happy to hold bonds with negative real yields somehow considering a certain negative real return as an attractive investment.
As investors, our challenge is to invest money rationally when we do not, for now, know what rational is anymore. If we assume that the new monetary system can avoid or at least temper cycles going forward, then maybe it is rational to own the bonds of highly leveraged businesses at very low yields. The problem arises if we are wrong, the downside implied in a reversion to the old normal is simply huge now. The same observation can be made in venture capital markets and the growthiest of growth equities. If cheap money remains available forever and the stock market can avoid anything more than the occasional correction, then maybe the valuations applied to mega cap growth darlings can be sustained, but what happens in the alternative scenario? Many of these companies are dependent on continuous funding with cheap money for their very existence, without it they would quickly unravel as they have no underlying profitability.
This brings us to recent events, a huge proportion of recent US new equity listing has been of loss making businesses, where future success is expected to justify the valuation. However, recently new issues have been falling to discounts implying that the stock market is taking a much less rosy view. The worry is that even with ever more QE, asset markets can only be stretched so far.
Our approach to navigate this environment is to avoid the extremes of high debt levels or high valuations as this is where the worst losses will be if the new monetary system eventually does fail to prevent a credit or investment cycle. This does not mean we cannot find attractive investment opportunities which do not require adherence to the new orthodoxy just in case the market does eventually wake up.
The value of stock market investments will fluctuate and investors may not get back the original amount invested.
Past performance is not a guide to future performance.
Forecasts are not reliable indicators of future performance.
For Investment Professionals only. Not for onward distribution. No other persons should rely on any information contained within this document.
Source for information: Miton as at 17/04/2019 unless otherwise stated.
The views expressed are those of the fund manager at the time of writing and are subject to change without notice. They are not necessarily the views of Miton and do not constitute investment advice.
Miton has used all reasonable efforts to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in the communication, however some information and statistical data has been obtained from external sources. Whilst Miton believes these sources to be reliable, Miton cannot guarantee the reliability, completeness or accuracy of the content or provide a warrantee.
Issued by Miton, a trading name of Miton Asset Management Limited the Investment Manager of the Fund which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and is registered in England No. 1949322 with its registered office at 6th Floor, Paternoster House, 65 St Paul’s Churchyard, London, EC4M 8AB.
This area of the website is intended for investment advisers and other financial intermediaries whose clients are UK tax residents.
The products offered on this website carry a degree of risk. The value of investments will fluctuate, which will cause fund prices to fall as well as rise and you may not get back your original investment. Specific risks are highlighted on the respective investment pages in this website.
By clicking on the button below you confirm you have read and agree the Terms & Conditions and are an investment adviser or other financial intermediary authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
This area of the website is intended for retail clients who are UK tax residents. Please note we are unable to give financial advice.
The products offered on this website carry a degree of risk. The value of investments will fluctuate, which will cause fund prices to fall as well as rise and you may not get back your original investment. Specific risks are highlighted on the respective investment pages in this website. Should you be in any doubt as to the risks involved please speak to a financial adviser.
By clicking on the button below you confirm that you are a retail client and have read and agree to the Terms & Conditions